9. Rome: Architecture at the Time of Mussolini’s Fascism
This unique bus and walking architecture tour will allow you to explore the obscure district of Esposizione Universale Roma (EUR). Originally chosen in the 1930s as the site for the 1942 World Fair, Mussolini's building project in Esposizione Universale Roma (EUR) included an architectural style that was truly the first of its kind. Rational Architecture was defined by its modern, exaggerated and authoritarian structures using the same type of stone as the Colosseum.
Unfortunately, the onset of WW II prevented the World Fair from actually happening, but you can still see the architecture, now a symbol of this Fascist period of Italy. An undiscovered neighborhood with buildings so unique, they stand out from the rest of Rome. The first stop on this Rome architecture tour by bus will be Foro Italico (formerly Foro Mussolini), a massive sports complex located just north of the city center. Built between 1928 and 1939 and inspired by the Roman forums of the Imperial era, it is here that you can find the obelisk for Mussolini, Stadio dei Marmi (Stadium of the Marbles).
Examine famous buildings and urban spaces such as the Bassorilievo Palazzo Uffici (the first building to be completed in this new district in 1939), Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana (the Square Colosseum) synonymous with EUR and this period in general and Via Cristoforo Colombo, the street that links Ostia to the historic center. After discovering EUR, a neighborhood frozen in time and now the symbol of the dark past that was fascist Rome, it will be time to return to the city center so you can compare the two drastically different styles of architecture and periods of Rome's vast history. Now back to Rome city center, you will pass by Piazza Venezia (Altare della Patria) and Vittorio Emanuele II Monument - the central hub of the Eternal City. You will then pass by Palazzo Venezia, the balcony made famous for many of Mussolini’s speeches during WW II. Walk along Via dei Fori Imperiali, the road that runs from Piazza Venezia straight to the Colosseum. Wander amongst the ruins of the ancient Roman Forum as you make your way towards the most recognizable monument in all of Italy, and perhaps the world. The perfect way to end this architecture sightseeing tour in Rome, allowing you to travel through time.